Diabetes: What is it & its types.

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Diabetes mellitus, is a group of metabolic diseases which increases blood glucose levels due to insufficient insulin or the body is unable to utilise the insulin. In simple terms it is a condition involving how your body turns food into energy.

When we consume carbohydrates, our body turns it into glucose (simple sugar) and enters into our bloodstream through insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by pancreas that helps move glucose from our blood into our blood cells, and then used as a fuel for energy.

In diabetes our body doesnt produce enough or use insulin efficiently. This causes too much glucose to remain in our blood leading to high blood sugar. This in turn can cause health problems that may be serious or even life-threatening.

There’s no cure for diabetes. But with treatment and lifestyle changes, you can live a long and lead a healthy life.

Types of Diabetes

  • Prediabetes
  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Gestational Diabetes
  • Other Forms


Prediabetes  is the initial stage of diabetes when your blood sugar is higher than normal range but does not require medicine or diabetes treatment. Once diagnosed with Prediabetes you are more likely to get type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Weight loss and Exercising, even as little as 5% to 7% of your body weight, can lower those risks.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition, the genes might cause this type of diabetes.It is also called juvenile-onset diabetes, because it often begins in childhood. 

It could also happen because of problems with cells in the pancreas that make insulin. It happens when your body attacks the pancreas by the antibodies. The organ is damaged and doesn’t make insulin. 

It is also called insulin-dependent diabetes because the treatment involves external injection of insulin into the fatty tissue just under your skin. (hyperlink of complications and treatment of type 1 diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is also known as non-insulin-dependent. In type 2 diabetes the insulin doesn’t get used by the body or the cells don’t respond to insulin leading to insulin resistance. 

Though Type 2 diabetes is milder than type 1, it it can still cause major health complications when untreated, HBA1C test is recommended to see if the blood sugar levels are under control and further treatment is required. The most common health risk of type 2 diabetes is heart disease and stroke.

Obesity often causes insulin resistance, our pancreas has to work harder to make more insulin. But it’s still not enough to keep your blood sugar levels under control. 

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes

During the second trimester of pregnancy the blood glucose levels increase, which becomes diabetes, it’s called gestational diabetes. it’s important to control gestational diabetes to protect the foetal growth and development.

Gestational Diabetes usually goes away after birth but up to 10% of women who have gestational diabetes develop type 2, weeks or even years later if not treated or if they are obese.

During Gestational diabetes the baby is at risk more than the mother, As baby gain weight before birth, or develop trouble in breathing, are have high risk of obesity and diabetes in later stage of life. 

Other Forms of Diabetes

About 1 to 5% of the population might have diabetes from different conditions which  include infections, pancreatic disease, certain surgeries and medications. In such cases, the doctor will monitor the blood sugar levels and treat accordingly.


We make diabetes reversal easy for you. The diets are not very restrictive; you do not have to starve yourself or eat some foreign ingredients. Your own food tweaked a bit, and strategic use of exercise snacks along with lifestyle modifications, should help you reverse not just diabetes but also other metabolic conditions like polycystic ovarian syndrome, hypertension, etc.

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